Index of Names

Abbreviation key:

The Vikings in England (Eng); The Vikings in Scotland and Ireland (ScIr); The Vikings in Wales (Wal); The Vikings on the Continent (Cont); The Settlement of the North Atlantic (NAt); The Vikings in the East (East); The Kingdom(s) of Denmark (Den); The Kingdom(s) of Norway (Nor); The Kingdom(s) of Sweden (Swe); Iceland (Ice); Norse King Case Studies (KingCS);

Rulers (Rul); The Role of Women (Wom)Farmers and Fighters (FF); The Town (Town); Historical Women Case Studies (WomCS);

The Runic Writing System (Run); Norse Mythology (Myth); Burial Practices (Bur); Skaldic Poetry (Poet).

Abu'l ibn Khordadbeh - An Arabic writer for first described the Rus' in an account written between 844–848. [East]

Adam of Bremen - Chronicler based at Bremen from c. 1066–1081/1085. [Den, Swe, Ice, KingCS]

Æsir - A family of gods, including Odin, Frigg and Thor. [Myth]

Agnar - The son and successor of mythical Gothic ruler Geirrod. A protégé of Odin. [Myth]

Ahmad ibn Fadlan - Arabic writer of the most famous account of the Rus', written after an encounter in 921–2. [EastWomBur]

Aidan (St) - An Irish saint who founded the monastery at Lindisfarne and was its first bishop. Died in 651. [Eng]

Alan Barbetort - Ruler of Brittany from 938, as duke from 942–952 after Brittany became a province of West Francia. [Cont]

Alan the Great - King of Brittany from 888–907. [Cont]

Amin Razi - A late sixteenth-century Persian geographer who made mention of the Rus'. [East]

Anarawd ap Rhodri - King of Gwynedd from 878–c. 916. [Wal]

Angantyr - A legendary king, the father of Hervor. [Wom]

Anglo-Normans - The political and cultural elite of England and Wales which developed following the Norman invasions. Can also be used of the English as a whole at this time. [Eng, ScIr]

Anglo-Saxons - The name for the Germanic (but non-Norse) inhabitants of Britain, whose ancestors had migrated from the areas south of Denmark in the fifth century. [Eng]

Anna - A Byzantine noblewoman. The sister of Basil II who was engaged to Vladimir the Great. [East]

Anskar - Archbishop of Hamburg from 831–c. 865. Missionary to the Swedes from 829–831, 848–850 and 854. [Den, Swe]

Anund - A king of the Svear who was exiled among the Danes shortly before 852. [Swe]

Anund Jakob - King of Sweden from 1022–c. 1050 (definitely not ruling by 1060). [Swe]

Ari the Wise - A twelfth-century Icelandic priest who penned the earliest surviving history of Iceland, Islendingabok. [NAt, Ice]

Asser of St David's - A monk from St David's in Wales who joined the court of King Alfred the Great and wrote a biography of the ruler. [Wal]

Astrid - The daughter of Sven Forkbeard and mother of Sven Astridsson. [Den]

Astrid - A daughter of Olaf Skotkonung, eloped with Olaf Haraldsson. [Swe]

Athelbald - King of Wessex from 855–860. Elder brother of Alfred the Great. [Eng]

Athelflad - The Lady of Mercians. The daughter of Alfred the Great, governed Mercia following the death of her husband, Athelred of Mercia. [EngWomCS]

Athelred - King of Wessex from 865–871. Elder brother of Alfred the Great. [Eng]

Athelred of Mercia - Ruled Mercia as a vassal of Wessex in the late ninth and early tenth century. [WomCS]

Athelred the Unready - King of the England from 978–1013 and 1014–1016. [Eng, Cont, Den, Nor, KingCS, WomCS]

Athelstan - King of the Anglo-Saxons from c. 924–939. Conquered Danish Northumbria. Possible foster-father of Hakon the Good. [Eng, Nor]

Athelwulf - King of Wessex from 839–858. Father of Alfred the Great. [Eng]

Audumla - A cow formed from cosmic frost who brought forth the first man. [Myth]

Balder - A son of Odin and the fairest of the gods. Accidentally killed by the blind god Hod due to Loki's schemes. [MythBur]

Basil II Porphyrogenitus - . Byzantine Emperor from 976–1025. [East]

Beorhtwulf - King of Mercia from c. 839–852. [Eng]

Beothuk - The indigenous inhabitants of Newfoundland. [NAt]

Beowulf - The protagonist of an Old English poem of the same name. He hailed from southern Sweden. [Swe]

Bestla - A giantess whose union with Bor gave rise to the gods Odin, Vili and Ve. [Myth]

Bjorn - The king of the Svear during Anskar's first mission to Birka in 829. [Swe]

Bjorn Olafsson - The son of Olaf of Birka, exiled after his father's death by his uncle Erik the Victorious. [Swe]

Boleslaw - Ruler of the Wends from 992–1025. Often regarded as the first king of Poland. [KingCS]

Bor - The son of the first man, Buri, and father of Odin. [Myth]

Bragi Boddason 'the Old' - The earliest named skaldic poet. [Poet]

Bran map Onuist - Co-ruler of Fortriu, killed by Vikings in 839. Brother of Uuen. [ScIr]

Bretons - The Brittonic-speaking inhabitants of Brittany in western France. [Cont]

Brian Boru - King of Munster from 978–1014 and High King of Ireland from 1002–1014. [ScIr, WomCS]

Buri - The first man, licked from cosmic frost by the cow Audumla. [Myth]

Byrhtnoth - Ealdorman of Kent. Killed in battle against Viking forces at Maldon in 991. [Eng]

Byzantines - The Greek-speaking, medieval continuation of the Eastern Roman Empire. [East]

Carolingians - An alternative name for Franks, most properly used for the period from 751–987, when the Franks were mostly ruled by the dynasty of Charlemagne. [Cont]

Catla - A Swedish convert to Christianity in the ninth century. The daughter of Frideburg. [Wom]

Ceolwulf - King of Mercia (apparently with Viking backing) from 874–879. Foolish king's thegn. [EngWomCS]

Charlemagne - Ruler of Francia from 768–814, Holy Roman Emperor from 800–814. [Eng, Cont, Den]

Charles the Bald - King of West Francia from 843 and Carolingian Emperor from 875–877. [Cont]

Charles the Fat - Carolingian Emperor from 881–887. [Cont]

Charles the Simple - King of West Francia from 898–923. [Cont]

Conchobar mac Mael Sechnaill - Son of Mael Sechnaill and Gormflaith ingen Murchada. [WomCS]

Congalach Cnogba - High King of Ireland from c. 944–956. [ScIr]

Constantine II - King of Alba (the precursor to Scotland) from 900–943. Defeated by Athelstan at Brunanburh in 934. [EngScIr]

Cumbrians/Strathclyde Britons - The Brittonic-speaking inhabitants of an area of northeastern Britain stretching from the English county of Cumbria up to Glasgow. [EngScIr]

Custennin ab Iago - A contender for the throne of Gwynedd in the late tenth century who drew upon Viking support. [Wal]

Cuthbert (St) - A Northumbrian saint who was bishop of Lindisfarne from 684–686. An immensely popular saint in Anglo-Saxon England. [Eng]

Dal Riata - The Gaelic-speaking inhabitants of western Scotland. [ScIr]

Danes - A generic term for the Norse in the Viking Age itself, over time the term became associated with the inhabitants of southern Scandinavia. [Cont, Den, Nor, Rul]

Dicuil - A ninth-century Irish scholar who described a voyage to 'Thule', which may have been Iceland. [Ice]

Domnall mac Congalach - Ally of Olaf Cuaran in the 970s. Son of Congalach Cnogba. [ScIr]

Domnall ua Neill - High King of Ireland from 956–980. [ScIr]

Donnchadh mac Briain - King of Munster after 1014. Son of Brian Boru and Gormflaith ingen Murchada. [WomCS]

Dorset Culture - A palaeo-Eskimo culture which extended from northern Canada to Greenland when the Vikings first arrived on those shores. [NAt]

Dubgaill - The 'Dark Foreigners'. A Gaelic term for a Viking faction active in the Irish Sea in the ninth and tenth centuries. The base and origins of this group is unknown. [EngScIrWal]

Dudo of Saint-Quentin - An eleventh-century Norman historian. [Cont]

The Viking Age

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